Climate of Peru
Most people do not know that Peru actually has a wide variety of climates, due to its diverse geography. Peru is divided into four major climate zones each with its own characteristics: the coastal zone, the highlands, the jungle and the rainforest.
Climate averages for the whole year
- Day: the average daily temperature during the day is between 21°C and 26°C
- Night:the average nighttime temperature is between 15°C and 22°C
- Sea temperature: the sea temperature is between 17°C and 24°C
- Rain: it rains 21 days and there is a total of approximately 18 mm rainfall
- Sun hours: throughout the year there are 3550 sun hours
|Maximum temperature:||between 21°C and 26°C|
|Warmest month:||26°C in February|
|Coldest month:||21°C in July|
|Night temperature:||between 15°C and 22°C|
|Sea temperature:||between 17°C and 24°C|
|Dry days:||344 days|
|Days with rain:||21 days|
|Days with snow:||0 days|
|Total rain sum:||18 mm|
|Hours of sunshine:||3550 hours|
The Peruvian coast
Peru's western edge, bordering the Pacific Ocean, has a temperate climate. This region is characterised by cool winters and warm summers. The average temperature along the coast is 21 degrees Celsius. However, it is not uncommon for temperatures to drop below 15 degrees Celsius at night or rise above 30 degrees Celsius during the day.
The Peruvian highlands
The Peruvian highlands are located in the central part of the country, east of the coast. This area includes the Andes Mountains and some lower elevations. The highlands have a temperate climate, with average temperatures of 10-15 degrees Celsius. Depending on the altitude, temperatures can drop to -10 degrees Celsius or rise to 20 degrees Celsius. This region has two distinct seasons: a dry season (from April to October) and a wet season (from November to March). Precipitation varies depending on altitude, but is generally lower than in the coastal region.
The Peruvian jungle
Peru's jungle region stretches from the north to the south. This region is characterised by high temperatures and high humidity. The average temperature in the jungle is about 27 degrees Celsius. There is also a lot of rainfall in this region, averaging about 2,000 millimetres per year. However, rainfall can vary considerably from place to place within the jungle region. For example, while Iquitos gets an average of 3,000 millimetres of rain per year, Puerto Maldonado receives 1,500 millimetres.
The Amazon rainforest
Peru is home to much of the Amazon rainforest, located in the east of the country. It has a tropical climate, with very hot and humid weather throughout the year. Average temperatures in the area hover around 27 degrees Celsius. However, the high humidity often makes it feel much hotter. There is a lot of rainfall in the rainforest area, averaging about 3,000 millimetres per year.
This graph shows the average maximum temperature (red) and minimum temperature (blue) for Peru.
This graph shows the average amount of rainfall per month for Peru.
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Climate table of Peru
In this climate table you can see at a glance what the average weather per month is for Peru. The data has been collected over a 30-year period, from which an average per month has been derived. From year to year the differences may be larger or smaller, but with this climate table you have a good idea of what the weather for Peru might be like in a given month.
|Day temp. (°C)||25||26||25||24||23||22||21||21||21||22||22||23|
|Night temp. (°C)||20||22||21||20||18||17||16||15||16||16||17||19|
|Water temp. (°C)||22||23||24||22||20||20||19||17||17||18||20||21|
|Days with rain||3||5||6||3||1||-||1||-||1||-||-||1|
|Sun hours per day||10||9||9||9||7||7||8||10||11||12||12||12|
|Wind force (Bft)||2||2||2||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3|
Best time to visit Peru
Peru is a country that has a lot to offer tourists. From its Inca heritage to its beautiful nature, there is something for everyone in Peru. Every year, thousands of tourists from all over the world flock to Peru to see the ancient ruins, experience the vibrant nightlife and taste the delicious food. But when is the best time to visit the country?
In general, best time to visit Peru is during the dry season, which largely runs from May to October. June to August is high season for tourism, so expect crowds and higher prices during these months. If you want to avoid the crowds and still enjoy nice weather, consider visiting in April or November.
Peru's climate varies depending on which region you are in. The Amazon region is hot and humid all year round, while the Andes mountains are colder and drier. The coastal areas, such as Lima, are usually sunny and dry.
Best time for Inca Trail to Machu Picchu
If you want to hike the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, keep in mind that it can only be done during the dry season (May-October). The trail closes for maintenance every February.
Best time to visit the Amazon
If you are planning to go to the Amazon rainforest, it is best to go during the rainy season (November-April). This may not sound like ideal weather, but it is actually the best time to see wildlife as they come out in search of food and water. Moreover, the rainforest takes on a whole new level of beauty when it is covered in greenery. Do pack your mackintosh and bug spray.
Climate of Peru by month
What is the average climate in a given month for Peru? Click on a month to see all monthly averages for sunshine, maximum and minimum temperatures, percent chance of rain per day, snowfall and number of rainy days.
Peru weather experiences
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Populaire bestemmingen in Peru
- Punta Sal
- Puerto Maldonado
- Puru Puru
- Codo del Pozuzo
- La Manga
- Reino Unido
Cities and towns in Peru